Sources of Adult Stem Cells
Human Umbilical Cord Tissue
*Unlike bone marrow and cord blood, Human umbilical cord tissue is a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells. Umbilical cord tissue-derived cells are best suited for tissue regeneration due to the tissue repairing function of the mesenchymal stem cells. They are also well-suited for immune system modulation and reducing inflammation.
Bone marrow is a good source of CD34+ stem cells (but a poor source of mesenchymal stem cells) bone marrow-derived stem cells provide support for tissue regeneration via revascularization properties and their ability to support mesenchymal stem cells in the body.
Because we have three major adult stem cells sources at our disposal, including the ability to expand cells into larger numbers when indicated, we can select optimal stem cell combinations for each disease and, if necessary, each individual we treat.
Like bone marrow, cord blood is source of CD34+ stem cells (but a poor source of mesenchymal stem cells). These stem cells provide support for tissue regeneration via revascularization properties and their ability to support mesenchymal stem cells in the body.
Most protocols using cord blood require Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing to match the recipient and donor.
We do not use cord blood-derived stem cells at Stem Cell Institute.
Adipose (fat) Tissue
Adipose tissue is a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and T-regulatory cells which modulate the immune system. Adipose-derived cells can be used for treating systemic autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. They also play a role in regenerating injured tissue.
Because we have found that the immune modulatory and anti-inflammatory properties of umbilical cord tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCT-MSCs) are superior to those harvested from fat, we no longer employ fat-derived MSCs in our treatment protocols.
*All donated cords are the by-products of normal, healthy births. Each cord is carefully screened for sterility and infectious diseases under International Blood Bank standards.